There are many steps you can take to improve your lawn but one of the most effective and should be high on the list of priorities, is to aerate the lawn.
Aeration is important to the health of your lawn. Over the year a lawn can get a hammering from children, animals and even your gardener plus wheel barrow! With all this traffic, the soil can get compacted. Punching holes in the soil allows gases to escape, water to drain away and puts fresh air back into the soil. Not only does this practice allow the roots to “breathe”. It is one of the fundamental ways to beat moss growth in your lawn.
Aeration can be done in a number of ways and is often called spiking, slitting, plugging or coring, the latter two involve removing whole cores from the lawn/turf. This is often done at a more professional level as the machines are quite expensive. Don’t worry there are many cheap and just as effective ways to aerate your lawn, from spiked rollers to just a standard garden fork.
There are some very effective machines that can aerate your lawn. However, by far the most effective and cheapest way to aerate your lawn is by using aeration shoes. These strap to the bottom of your boots and have spikes on the bottom. They spike your lawn and break up the surface slightly, relieving compaction and allowing the trapped gases to escape.